Birds are a class of vertebrates, the Aves.
There are more than 9,700 different species
of birds in the world.
Modern day birds are characterised by feathers,
a beak with no teeth, the ability to lay
hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate,
a four-chambered heart, and a lightweight
but strong skeletal system.
Foreign Words for Birds
French: Oiseau / Oiselle
German: Vogel Vogelmannchen
/ Vogelweibchen / Jungvogel / Vogelchen
/ Voglein / Vogelein
Kurdish: Firrinde / Balinde
/ Civik / cucik / Teyr / Tilur /
Lithuanian: Paukstis / Paukste
Low Saxon: Vagel
Luxembourg: Vugel / Vulll
Old Dutch: Vogala
Old English: Fugol
Old French: Oisel
Slovene: Ptic / Ptica
Spanish: Pajaro / Ave
Vietnamese: Chim / Con Chim
Size: The smallest bird is the Bee
Hummingbird measuring only 2 inches.
The largest bird is the Ostrich measuring
up to 9 feet tall and weighing up to 350
The bird with the largest wing span is
the Wandering Albatross measuring almost
Habitat: Birds are found on every
land mass and water body in the world. As
a result of birds living on every continent
the adaptations are very diverse, different
bird species can look very different from
each other. The most noticeable differences
in bird species are size, the shape and
length of the beak, the length of the legs,
the length of the neck and the coloring.
Description: All living species
of birds have wings.
Communication: All bird species
make sounds to communicate. The types
of sounds that birds make vary by
Behavior: Many species of birds
migrate with the changes of the seasons,
other birds do not.
Diet: The diet of birds varies by
species birds can feed on nectar, fruit,
plants, seeds, carrion, and small animals.
Conservation Status: 1,227
species of birds are considered threatened
with extinction, 838 species of birds
are near threatened.
Did You Know?
The peregrine falcon is
one of the fastest birds,
and has been clocked at
90 miles per hour in a dive.