About Birds

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About Birds


Birds are a class of vertebrates, the Aves.

Bird Classification:

Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves

There are more than 9,700 different species of birds in the world.

Modern day birds are characterised by feathers, a beak with no teeth, the ability to lay hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a lightweight but strong skeletal system.

Foreign Words for Birds

Czech: Ptak
Danish: Fugl
Dutch: Vogel
Estonian: Lind
Fijian: Mahumanu
Finnish: Lintu
French: Oiseau / Oiselle / Oiselet
German: Vogel Vogelmannchen / Vogelweibchen / Jungvogel / Vogelchen / Voglein / Vogelein
Greenlandic: Timmiaq
Hopi: Tsiro
Hungarian: Madar
Icelandic: Fugl
Indonesian: Burung
Irish: ean
Italian: Uccello
Kurdish: Firrinde / Balinde / Civik / cucik / Teyr / Tilur / Terewil,
Latin: Avis
Latvian: Putns
Lithuanian: Paukstis / Paukste
Low Saxon: Vagel
Luxembourg: Vugel / Vulll
Malay: Burung
Navajo: Tsidii
Old Dutch: Vogala
Old English: Fugol
Old French: Oisel
Polish: Ptak
Portuguese: Passaro
Powhatan: Tshehip
Romanian: Pasare
Samoan: Manu
Sicilian: Aceddu
Slovak: Vtak
Slovene: Ptic / Ptica
Somali: Shimbir
Spanish: Pajaro / Ave
Swahili: Ndege
Swedish: Fagel
Tagalog: Ibon
Taos: Cwyu'una
Turkish: Kus
Uzbek: Qush
Venetian: Oseo
Vietnamese: Chim / Con Chim
Welsh: Aderyn

Size: The smallest bird is the Bee Hummingbird measuring only 2 inches.

The largest bird is the Ostrich measuring up to 9 feet tall and weighing up to 350 lbs.

The bird with the largest wing span is the Wandering Albatross measuring almost 12 feet!

Habitat: Birds are found on every land mass and water body in the world. As a result of birds living on every continent the adaptations are very diverse, different bird species can look very different from each other. The most noticeable differences in bird species are size, the shape and length of the beak, the length of the legs, the length of the neck and the coloring.

Description: All living species of birds have wings.

Communication: All bird species make sounds to communicate. The types of sounds that birds make vary by species.

Did You Know?

Not all birds can fly!

Behavior: Many species of birds migrate with the changes of the seasons, other birds do not.

Diet: The diet of birds varies by species birds can feed on nectar, fruit, plants, seeds, carrion, and small animals.

Conservation Status: 1,227 species of birds are considered threatened with extinction, 838 species of birds are near threatened.

Did You Know?

The peregrine falcon is one of the fastest birds, and has been clocked at 90 miles per hour in a dive.




Bald Eagles





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